1941-1950


In 1941, the United States enters World War II. Five Texas City plants produce critical materials needed for war, including high octane aviation fuel, styrene and synthetic rubber. Population rises quickly. H.B. Moore is instrumental in getting land donated for Bay Street Park. After World War II ends in 1945, labor strikes hit Texas City plants. In April 1947, fires and explosions on ships in port cause catastrophic loss of life and extensive property damage. Texas City immediately begins to rebuild with the help of organizations and individuals worldwide. In the later part of this decade, Texas City begins concerted annexation efforts, increasing the size of the city significantly.

1950 population: 16,620 people


Taking fingerprints at Pan American on Jan. 1941


Texas City Auxiliary Unit, American Red Cross
Co-chairwoman Helen Moore (far right) with Red Cross volunteers (1942)


Construction of No. 1 Alky Unit and No. 1 "Cat Cracker" at Pan American in 1943


The Old Southern Hotel after the 1943 hurricane (July 29, 1943)


Kilgore's Grocery after the 1943 hurricane (July 29, 1943)



The Lucas Cafe after the 1943 hurricane. Wolvin School is visible in the center rear of the photo. (July 29, 1943)


Pan American No. 1 Catalytic Cracking Unit Dedication on March 9, 1944


Looking northeast over Pan American Oil (Oct. 14, 1945)



Patrons reading in the Texas City Library


Patrons checking out books at the Texas City Library



Blackout regulations notice, Texas City Civilian Defense


Pan American War Bond rally



Service member honor roll


Honor Roll board at Pan American



Sixth Street in Texas City


The Texas City post office


Christmas card from Texas City Terminal Railway Co.


Receiving a check for disaster relief after the 1947 Texas City Explosion


Aerial view of the port facilities and the grain elevator after the 1947 Texas City Disaster


Aerial view of refinery and port facilities before the 1947 Texas City Disaster



Rescue workers take a break after the 1947 Texas City Disaster


Rabbi Louis Feigon speaking at the mass burial services for victims of the 1947 Texas City Disaster



Preparing for the mass funeral service for victims of the 1947 Texas City Disaster


An aerial view of the port area after the 1947 Texas City Disaster



Aerial view of refinery structures, storage tanks, and port facilities after the 1947 Texas City Disaster


Aerial view of the port after the 1947 Texas City Disaster


Inspecting the damage after the 1947 Texas City Disaster



Looking toward the port from the Post Office after the 1947 Texas City Disaster


Historical marker at Memorial Cemetary



Booker T. Washington School Faculty, 1948


Near the post office and the Showboat Theater in Texas City



Opening day at the Showboat Theatre (April 26, 1949)


Opening night marquee at the Showboat Theatre (April 26, 1949)



The Showboat Theatre at night


The Showboat Theatre (street view)


Early Showboat Theatre (street view)



Texas City Stingaree basketball team: 1949 State Champions


Old City Hall, the 500 block of Sixth Street
(photo by Johnny Mitchell, courtesy of Al Mitchell)


City Hall crowd (photo by Johnny Mitchell, courtesy of Al Mitchell)



Reading club members at the Texas City Library in July 1950


Story Hour group at the Texas City Library 1950